Monday, April 18, 2011

Sculptures Masks Objects From Dogon

The Musee du Quai Branly displays works of Dogon Country, an opportunity to explore this rich culture. A trip between art and ethnography!

The curator, art specialist Dogon, Helene Leloup, brought together masterpieces from different museums and private collections to showcase the art product on the Dogon plateau. Is the center of Mali, the tenth century to the present, the Dogon Country is a place of encounter and exchange. This exhibition is an opportunity to explore this rich and diverse culture from April 5 to July 24, 2011.

The themes of the Dogon statues
Peoples from this lush land of drought before the thirteenth century have added other people fleeing the Almoravids, the Berber conquerors, or Islamization. Dogon peoples have long been animists.

Dogon statues were exclusively made by blacksmiths, only able to carve religious statues. They create human figures in wood jumpers, maternity, hermaphrodites, and people with raised arms beseeching the God of rain. The statues may be the receptacle of the vital energy of a dead person; in this case it represents the deceased or his rank. They are also used against diseases and for fertility.

Every people in their area or the various waves of immigration have allowed this art to evolve.

The statues of Djennenke are realistic depictions of humans: body elongated, thin nose, bulging eyes, hair in a bun on the crown of braids or Berber, elongated beards, scars checkerboard temples, embroidered cloth around the hips and bracelets.

Style N'duleri is more refined and elegant, influenced by their predecessors Djennenke. Sometimes found in the same scars and checkered cloth embroidered. The sculptures can be large and flexible form, with eyes very close together.

The Tombo were warriors, very independent and thus more isolated. Their objects are different.The articles Niongom have often been found buried. The peculiarity of these statues is the use of the natural shape of the tree branch. The bodies are streamlined, arms glued to the body, round face with sharp features, undershot jaw, nose and eyes arrow button or diamond.

The Tellem pass for magicians. Their statues are stylized, carved on one side, showing schematically symmetrical body with raised arms.

The sculptures Dogon-Mande have asymmetric attitudes.
The Tintam, northern territory, decrying their society through their art: the man with arms raised imploring the ancestors, the warlord, maternity, water carrier. Of more massive, the characteristics are: a belt loincloth, hair shaved in three parts, without slipping, scarification in grid on the temples, eyes close, the collar with an amulet Korte traditional Dogon.

A sculptor Kambara has invented a new form of sculpture of small and medium size: the characters are sitting elbows on knees and hands on the round face without scarring.

The inhabitants of Komakan statues were sketched: arms raised, scarification angled cut on the face.
Masks the anthropologist Marcel Griaule

Marcel Griaule brought the Dogon mask since 1931, to enrich the Museum of Man at the Trocadero in Paris. During his career, Marcel Graule was 68 types of masks representing characters and myths, all elements of the universe. The Dogon use masks Dama (grief surveys) and Sigui (ceremony taking place every 60 years to celebrate the revelation of the Word to men and the first ancestor).

Dogon masks are basically geometric, eyes often rectangle. The mask-story house is perhaps the most surprising. Very high, it is worn by dancers.

Everyday objects
Objects like bowls, stools, doors, looms, spears, jewelry are commonly used, but their decoration is unique and evokes the myths of origin. These pieces are carved in wood and metal.

The Museum Quai Branly, "Dogon" from April 5 to July 24, 2011.

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